Sequencer Event API

Overview

Sequencer Event API More…

// typedefs

typedef struct _snd_seq_remove_events snd_seq_remove_events_t;

// global functions

int
snd_seq_free_event(snd_seq_event_t* ev);

ssize_t
snd_seq_event_length(snd_seq_event_t* ev);

int
snd_seq_event_output(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_event_t* ev
);

int
snd_seq_event_output_buffer(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_event_t* ev
);

int
snd_seq_event_output_direct(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_event_t* ev
);

int
snd_seq_event_input(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_event_t** ev
);

int
snd_seq_event_input_pending(
    snd_seq_t* seq,
    int fetch_sequencer
);

int
snd_seq_drain_output(snd_seq_t* handle);

int
snd_seq_event_output_pending(snd_seq_t* seq);

int
snd_seq_extract_output(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_event_t** ev
);

int
snd_seq_drop_output(snd_seq_t* handle);

int
snd_seq_drop_output_buffer(snd_seq_t* handle);

int
snd_seq_drop_input(snd_seq_t* handle);

int
snd_seq_drop_input_buffer(snd_seq_t* handle);

size_t
snd_seq_remove_events_sizeof(void);

int
snd_seq_remove_events_malloc(snd_seq_remove_events_t** ptr);

void
snd_seq_remove_events_free(snd_seq_remove_events_t* ptr);

void
snd_seq_remove_events_copy(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* dst,
    const snd_seq_remove_events_t* src
);

unsigned int
snd_seq_remove_events_get_condition(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info);

int
snd_seq_remove_events_get_queue(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info);

const snd_seq_timestamp_t*
snd_seq_remove_events_get_time(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info);

const snd_seq_addr_t*
snd_seq_remove_events_get_dest(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info);

int
snd_seq_remove_events_get_channel(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info);

int
snd_seq_remove_events_get_event_type(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info);

int
snd_seq_remove_events_get_tag(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info);

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_condition(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    unsigned int flags
);

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_queue(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    int queue
);

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_time(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    const snd_seq_timestamp_t* time
);

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_dest(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    const snd_seq_addr_t* addr
);

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_channel(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    int channel
);

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_event_type(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    int type
);

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_tag(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    int tag
);

int
snd_seq_remove_events(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info
);

// macros

#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_DEST
#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_DEST_CHANNEL
#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_EVENT_TYPE
#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_IGNORE_OFF
#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_INPUT
#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_OUTPUT
#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_TAG_MATCH
#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_TIME_AFTER
#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_TIME_BEFORE
#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_TIME_TICK
#define snd_seq_remove_events_alloca(ptr)

Detailed Documentation

Sequencer Event API

Typedefs

typedef struct _snd_seq_remove_events snd_seq_remove_events_t

event removal conditionals

Global Functions

int
snd_seq_free_event(snd_seq_event_t* ev)

(DEPRECATED) free an event

In the former version, this function was used to release the event pointer which was allocated by snd_seq_event_input(). In the current version, the event record is not allocated, so you don’t have to call this function any more.

ssize_t
snd_seq_event_length(snd_seq_event_t* ev)

calculates the (encoded) byte-stream size of the event

Parameters:

ev the event

Returns:

the size of decoded bytes

int
snd_seq_event_output(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_event_t* ev
)

output an event

An event is once expanded on the output buffer. The output buffer will be drained automatically if it becomes full.

If events remain unprocessed on output buffer before drained, the size of total byte data on output buffer is returned. If the output buffer is empty, this returns zero.

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle
ev event to be output

Returns:

the number of remaining events or a negative error code

See also:

snd_seq_event_output_direct(), snd_seq_event_output_buffer(), snd_seq_event_output_pending(), snd_seq_drain_output(), snd_seq_drop_output(), snd_seq_extract_output(), snd_seq_remove_events()

int
snd_seq_event_output_buffer(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_event_t* ev
)

output an event onto the lib buffer without draining buffer

This function doesn’t drain buffer unlike snd_seq_event_output().

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle
ev event to be output

Returns:

the byte size of remaining events. -EAGAIN if the buffer becomes full.

See also:

snd_seq_event_output()

int
snd_seq_event_output_direct(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_event_t* ev
)

output an event directly to the sequencer NOT through output buffer

This function sends an event to the sequencer directly not through the output buffer. When the event is a variable length event, a temporary buffer is allocated inside alsa-lib and the data is copied there before actually sent.

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle
ev event to be output

Returns:

the byte size sent to sequencer or a negative error code

See also:

snd_seq_event_output()

int
snd_seq_event_input(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_event_t** ev
)

retrieve an event from sequencer

Obtains an input event from sequencer. The event is created via snd_seq_create_event(), and its pointer is stored on ev argument.

This function firstly receives the event byte-stream data from sequencer as much as possible at once. Then it retrieves the first event record and store the pointer on ev. By calling this function sequentially, events are extracted from the input buffer.

If there is no input from sequencer, function falls into sleep in blocking mode until an event is received, or returns -EAGAIN error in non-blocking mode. Occasionally, this function may return -ENOSPC error. This means that the input FIFO of sequencer overran, and some events are lost. Once this error is returned, the input FIFO is cleared automatically.

Function returns the byte size of remaining events on the input buffer if an event is successfully received. Application can determine from the returned value whether to call input once more or not.

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle
ev event pointer to be stored

Returns:

See also:

snd_seq_event_input_pending(), snd_seq_drop_input()

int
snd_seq_event_input_pending(
    snd_seq_t* seq,
    int fetch_sequencer
)

check events in input buffer

If events remain on the input buffer of user-space, function returns the total byte size of events on it. If fetch_sequencer argument is non-zero, this function checks the presence of events on sequencer FIFO When events exist, they are transferred to the input buffer, and the number of received events are returned. If fetch_sequencer argument is zero and no events remain on the input buffer, function simply returns zero.

Returns:

the byte size of remaining input events on input buffer.

See also:

snd_seq_event_input()

int
snd_seq_drain_output(snd_seq_t* handle)

drain output buffer to sequencer

This function drains all pending events on the output buffer. The function returns immediately after the events are sent to the queues regardless whether the events are processed or not. To get synchronization with the all event processes, use snd_seq_sync_output_queue() after calling this function.

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle

Returns:

0 when all events are drained and sent to sequencer. When events still remain on the buffer, the byte size of remaining events are returned. On error a negative error code is returned.

See also:

snd_seq_event_output(), snd_seq_sync_output_queue()

int
snd_seq_event_output_pending(snd_seq_t* seq)

return the size of pending events on output buffer

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle

Returns:

the byte size of total of pending events

See also:

snd_seq_event_output()

int
snd_seq_extract_output(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_event_t** ev
)

extract the first event in output buffer

Extracts the first event in output buffer. If ev_res is NULL, just remove the event.

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle
ev_res event pointer to be extracted

Returns:

0 on success otherwise a negative error code

See also:

snd_seq_event_output()

int
snd_seq_drop_output(snd_seq_t* handle)

remove all events on output buffer

Removes all events on both user-space output buffer and output memory pool on kernel.

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle

See also:

snd_seq_drain_output(), snd_seq_drop_output_buffer(), snd_seq_remove_events()

int
snd_seq_drop_output_buffer(snd_seq_t* handle)

remove all events on user-space output buffer

Removes all events on user-space output buffer. Unlike snd_seq_drain_output(), this function doesn’t remove events on output memory pool of sequencer.

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle

See also:

snd_seq_drop_output()

int
snd_seq_drop_input(snd_seq_t* handle)

clear input buffer and and remove events in sequencer queue

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle

See also:

snd_seq_drop_input_buffer(), snd_seq_remove_events()

int
snd_seq_drop_input_buffer(snd_seq_t* handle)

remove all events on user-space input FIFO

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle

See also:

snd_seq_drop_input()

size_t
snd_seq_remove_events_sizeof(void)

get size of snd_seq_remove_events_t

Returns:

size in bytes

int
snd_seq_remove_events_malloc(snd_seq_remove_events_t** ptr)

allocate an empty snd_seq_remove_events_t using standard malloc

Parameters:

ptr returned pointer

Returns:

0 on success otherwise negative error code

void
snd_seq_remove_events_free(snd_seq_remove_events_t* ptr)

frees a previously allocated snd_seq_remove_events_t

Parameters:

obj pointer to object to free
void
snd_seq_remove_events_copy(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* dst,
    const snd_seq_remove_events_t* src
)

copy one snd_seq_remove_events_t to another

Parameters:

dst pointer to destination
src pointer to source
unsigned int
snd_seq_remove_events_get_condition(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info)

Get the removal condition bits.

Parameters:

info remove_events container

Returns:

removal condition bits

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

int
snd_seq_remove_events_get_queue(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info)

Get the queue as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container

Returns:

queue id

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

const snd_seq_timestamp_t*
snd_seq_remove_events_get_time(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info)

Get the event timestamp as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container

Returns:

time stamp

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

const snd_seq_addr_t*
snd_seq_remove_events_get_dest(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info)

Get the event destination address as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container

Returns:

destination address

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

int
snd_seq_remove_events_get_channel(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info)

Get the event channel as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container

Returns:

channel number

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

int
snd_seq_remove_events_get_event_type(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info)

Get the event type as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container

Returns:

event type

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

int
snd_seq_remove_events_get_tag(const snd_seq_remove_events_t* info)

Get the event tag id as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container

Returns:

tag id

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_condition(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    unsigned int flags
)

Set the removal condition bits.

Parameters:

info remove_events container
flags removal condition bits

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_queue(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    int queue
)

Set the queue as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container
queue queue id

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_time(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    const snd_seq_timestamp_t* time
)

Set the timestamp as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container
time timestamp pointer

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_dest(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    const snd_seq_addr_t* addr
)

Set the destination address as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container
addr destination address

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_channel(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    int channel
)

Set the channel as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container
channel channel number

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_event_type(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    int type
)

Set the event type as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container
type event type

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

void
snd_seq_remove_events_set_tag(
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info,
    int tag
)

Set the event tag as removal condition.

Parameters:

info remove_events container
tag tag id

See also:

snd_seq_remove_events()

int
snd_seq_remove_events(
    snd_seq_t* handle,
    snd_seq_remove_events_t* info
)

remove events on input/output buffers and pools

Removes matching events with the given condition from input/output buffers and pools. The removal condition is specified in rmp argument.

Parameters:

seq sequencer handle
rmp remove event container

See also:

snd_seq_event_output(), snd_seq_drop_output(), snd_seq_reset_pool_output()

Macros

#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_DEST

Restrict by destination q:client:port

#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_DEST_CHANNEL

Restrict by channel

#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_EVENT_TYPE

Restrict to event type

#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_IGNORE_OFF

Do not flush off events

#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_INPUT

Remove conditional flags Flush input queues

#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_OUTPUT

Flush output queues

#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_TAG_MATCH

Restrict to events with given tag

#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_TIME_AFTER

Restrict to time or after

#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_TIME_BEFORE

Restrict to before time

#define SND_SEQ_REMOVE_TIME_TICK

Time is in ticks

#define snd_seq_remove_events_alloca(ptr)

allocate a snd_seq_remove_events_t container on stack